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UN survey reveals nearly a quarter of men in Asia-Pacific admit to committing rape

Discussion in 'Politics & Religion' started by browntwn, Sep 10, 2013.

  1. #1
    A United Nations report has revealed nearly a quarter of men surveyed in the Asia-Pacific region say they've raped a woman at least once in their life.

    The study is based on anonymous interviews with more than 10,000 men aged between 18 and 49-years-old in Bangladesh, China, Cambodia, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Papua New Guinea.

    Roberta Clarke, regional director of UN Women, says the survey highlights the need for a change in culture.

    "Violence against women is a harsh reality for many," she said.
    SEMrush
    "We must change the culture that enables men to enact power and control over women."

    Around the region, 11 per cent of respondents reported having raped a woman who was not their partner and nearly a quarter - 24 per cent - when their partner was included.

    Of those men who said they had committed rape, just under half (45 per cent) said they had raped more than one woman.

    The highest prevalence of rape was found in Bougainville, in Papua New Guinea, which may be linked to the decade long civil war on the island.

    Esther Igo, organiser of PNG's Haus Krai anti-violence protests, has told Pacific Beat the figures in the survey feel real.

    "It is not surprising," she said.

    "If you read in the papers, every day there is rape in one part of the country, and there may be violence in one part of the country because of the Bougainville issue, but then it's also similar in other parts of the country.

    "So I'm not sure whether it's the violence, but I think it's just the mindset."

    Ms Igo says the situation appears to be getting worse, with increasing rapes and violence against women.

    "Men think that women are there for one thing," she said.

    "We've got so many groups that are out there voicing concerns, leaders coming out in the paper, putting out programs [but] it doesn't seem to deter these views that men have of women...and these acts that they do towards women, and it's getting ridiculous.

    'Violence is pervasive'
    Until now, research has depended mainly on crime reports, which may be sketchy or skewed, or on accounts by women rather than by men.

    Taking a new approach, trained male researchers held lengthy one-to-one interviews with men in cities and the countryside, with the respondents gaining a guarantee of anonymity.

    The respondents were not asked directly whether they had committed rape, but instead were asked questions such as "Have you ever forced a woman who was not your wife or girlfriend at the time to have sex?" or "Have you ever had sex with a woman who was too drugged or drunk to indicate whether she wanted it?"

    They were also asked why they had done so.

    Nearly three-quarters of respondents indicated reasons of sexual entitlement, saying for example, "I wanted her" or "I wanted to have sex."

    Fifty-nine per cent did it for entertainment, while more than a third - 38 per cent - said they had raped a woman to punish her.

    Of those who admitted rape, half were teenagers and 12 per cent were younger than 15-years-old, while the majority of men surveyed said they had not faced any legal consequences for their actions.

    In addition, it found men who had witnessed violence against their mothers or frequently paid for sex were more likely to continue the cycle of violence, she added.

    In the Indonesian province of Papua the rates were at nearly 49 per cent, while 26 per cent of respondents in Jakarta admitted to the crime.

    Rates in the one Chinese area surveyed reached 22 per cent while those in Cambodia were at 20 per cent.

    The report's authors say it is not intended to be an authoritative statistical overview of rape in these six countries or of the Asia-Pacific region.

    Report researcher Emma Fulu of Partners for Prevention says the pattern can be broken.

    "Violence is pervasive but it is also preventable," she said.

    She says to break the pattern young people should be engaged with issues "around what consent means...understanding sexuality and masculinity" within relationships.

    The study was released on the same day that a court in India found four men guilty of gang-raping and murdering a student on a bus last December.

    Her shocking death turned a spotlight on sexual violence, raising questions about what can prompt some men to accept rape or perpetrate it themselves.

    http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-09-11/an-un-survey-reveals-asia-pacific-rape-crisis/4949898

    Rape in Asia Pacific
        • Study based on anonymous interviews with more than 10,000 men aged between 18 and 49-years-old
        • Men surveyed in Bangladesh, China, Cambodia, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Papua New Guinea
        • 11 per cent of respondents reported having raped a woman who was not their partner; 24 per cent when their partner was included
        • Of those who admitted rape, half were teenagers and 12 per cent were younger than 15-years-old
        • Almost three quarters of those who admitted rape said they did not experience any legal consequences
        • The most common reasons cited for the rapes were sexual entitlement, entertainment or punishment
        • Overall, 4 percent of respondents said they had perpetrated gang rape against a woman or girl
     
    browntwn, Sep 10, 2013 IP
    SEMrush
  2. sarahk

    sarahk iTamer Staff

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    #2
    Get it to include date rape and I bet the figures would go higher - if the men involved had enough self awareness to recognise it for what it is.
     
    sarahk, Sep 10, 2013 IP
  3. browntwn

    browntwn Illustrious Member

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    #3
    The numbers are sad no matter how quantified.

    I thought more of the world had moved past the 'might is right' mentality, but I guess there is still a long way to go.
     
    browntwn, Sep 11, 2013 IP
  4. gworld

    gworld Prominent Member

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    #4
    Rape is a global problem. Here are the statistics from the USA:

    United States
    Main article: Rape in the United States
    The U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, which defines rape as penetration by the offender, and excludes rape by envelopment,[95] states that 91% of rape victims are female and 9% are male, and 99% of rapists are male.[96] One of six U.S. women has experienced an attempted or completed rape.[97] More than a quarter of college age women report having experienced a rape or rape attempt since age 14.[98] Some types of rape are excluded from official reports altogether (the FBI's definition, for example, used to exclude all rapes except forcible rapes of females), because a significant number of rapes go unreported even when they are included as reportable rapes, and also because a significant number of rapes reported to the police do not advance to prosecution.[99] As well as the large number of rapes that go unreported, only 25% of reported rapes result in arrest. Many rape kits are not tested.[100] Only 16% of rapes and sexual assaults are reported to the police (Rape in America: A Report to the Nation. 1992 and United Nations Populations Fund, 2000a).[101][102] Factoring in unreported rapes, about 5% of rapists will ever spend a day in jail.[103]

    Contrary to widespread belief, rape outdoors is rare. Over two thirds of all rapes occur in someone's home. 31% occur in the perpetrators' homes, 27% in the victims' homes and 10% in homes shared by the victim and perpetrator. 7% occur at parties, 7% in vehicles, 4% outdoors and 2% in bars.[104] From 2000–2005, 59% of rapes were not reported to law enforcement.[105][106] One factor relating to this is the misconception that most rapes are committed by strangers.[105][107] In reality, studies indicate the following varying numbers:

    Source:Current or Former Intimate PartnerAnother RelativeFriend or AcquaintanceStranger
    US Bureau of Justice Statistics26%7%38%26%
    Australian Government Statistics[108]56%10%27%8%
    UK Home Office (for comparison)[109]45.4%13.9%29.6%11%
    In a 2012 news story, The New York Times reported, " ... according a survey by the Alaska Federation of Natives, the rate of sexual violence in rural villages like Emmonak is as much as 12 times the national rate. And interviews with Native American women here and across the nation’s tribal reservations suggest an even grimmer reality: They say few, if any, female relatives or close friends have escaped sexual violence."[110]

    The U.S. Department of Justice compiles statistics on crime by race, but only between and among people categorized as black or white. The Uniform Crime Reports classifies most Hispanics into the "white" category.[111] There were 194,270 white and 17,920 black victims of rape or sexual assault reported in 2006. However, the report does give a note that for the percentages of white-on-black or black-on-white rape, and the estimate of total number of black victims, the statistic is based on 10 or fewer sample cases.[112] According to Anthony Walsh, "Gary LaFree's rape data for the 45-year period revealed that blacks were arrested for rape an average of 6.52 times more often than whites."[111]

    The U.S. Department of Justice compiles statistics on crime by race, but only between and among people categorized as black or white. The statistics for whites include Hispanic and non-Hispanic whites combined. There were 194,270 white and 17,920 black victims of rape or sexual assault reported in 2006.[113]

    Drug use, especially alcohol, is frequently involved in rape. A study (only of rape victims that were female and reachable by phone) reported detailed findings related to tactics. In 47% of such rapes, both the victim and the perpetrator had been drinking. In 17%, only the perpetrator had been. 7% of the time, only the victim had been drinking. Rapes where neither the victim nor the perpetrator had been drinking were 29% of all rapes.[104]

    Koss, Gidycz & Wi published a study in 1987 where they interviewed approximately 6,000 college students on 32 college campuses nationwide. They asked several questions covering a wide range of behaviors. From this study 15% of college women answered “yes” to questions about whether they experienced something that met the definition of rape. 12% of women answered “yes” to questions about whether they experienced something that met the definition of attempted rape[114]

    In 1995 the CDC replicated part of this study. They examined rape only, and did not look at attempted rape. They found that 20% of approximately 5,000 women on 138 college campuses experienced rape during the course of their lifetime.[115][clarification needed lifetime or college time?]

    In 2000, the National Institute of Justice and the Bureau of Justice statistics published a study called The Sexual Victimization of College Women based on a 1996–1997 survey. At page 11, it can be seen that 3.1% of undergraduate women reported experiencing rape or attempted rape during a 6-7 month academic year. Exhibit 7, page 18 of the report suggests that 10.1% of college women reported experiencing rape prior to entering college. 10.9% reported attempted rape prior to college.[116]

    In a different section of the report, the authors speculate about whether statistics during an academic year generalize to an entire college experience. For a full discussion, read more on page 10 of the report, stating that "... the percentage of completed or attempted rape victimization among women in higher educational institutions might climb to between one-fifth and one-quarter" and further acknowledging in the corresponding footnote, #18, that "These projections are suggestive. To assess accurately the victimization risk for women throughout a college career, longitudinal research following a cohort of female students across time is needed."

    Other studies of the annual incidence of rape find it to be closer to 5% (compared to the 3% in the DOJ study). For example, Mohler-Kuo, Dowdall, Koss & Weschler (2004)[117] found in a study of approximately 25,000 college women nationwide that 4.7% experienced rape or attempted rape during a single academic year. This study did not measure lifetime incidence of rape or attempted rape. Similarly, Kilpatrick, Resnick, Ruggiero, Conoscenti, & McCauley (2007) found in a study of 2,000 college women nationwide that 5.2% experienced rape every year.[118]

    Other research has found that about 80,000 American children are sexually abused each year. It has been estimated that one in six American women has been or will be sexually assaulted during her life. Largely because of child and prison rape, approximately ten percent of reported rape victims are male.[citation needed]

    According to United States Department of Justice document Criminal Victimization in the United States, there were overall 191,670 victims of rape or sexual assault reported in 2005.[119] 1 of 6 U.S. women and 1 of 33 U.S. men have experienced an attempted or completed rape.(according to Colorado Coalition Against Sexual Assault)[120]

    Denov (2004) states that societal responses to the issue of female perpetrators of sexual assault "point to a widespread denial of women as potential sexual aggressors that could work to obscure the true dimensions of the problem."[121]

    According to the National Crime Victimization Survey, the adjusted per-capita victimization rate of rape has declined from about 2.4 per 1000 people (age 12 and above) in 1980 to about 0.4 per 1000 people, a decline of about 85%.[122] But other government surveys, such as the Sexual Victimization of College Women study, critique the NCVS on the basis it includes only those acts perceived as crimes by the victim, and report a higher victimization rate.[123] Despite a decline of 60% since 1993, the US still has a relatively high rate of rape when compared to other developed countries.[124]

    RAINN asserts that from 2000–2005, 59% of rapes were not reported to law enforcement.[105][125] For college students, the figure was 95% in 2000.[123] One factor relating to this is the misconception that most rapes are committed by strangers.[126] According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, 38% of victims were raped by a friend or acquaintance, 28% by "an intimate" and 7% by another relative, and 26% were committed by a stranger to the victim. About four out of ten sexual assaults take place at the victim's own home.[127]

    Contrary to widespread belief, rape outdoors is uncommon. Over two thirds of all rapes occur in someone's home. 30.9% occur in the perpetrators' homes, 26.6% in the victims' homes and 10.1% in homes shared by the victim and perpetrator. 7.2% occur at parties, 7.2% in vehicles, 3.6% outdoors and 2.2% in bars.[104]

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rape_statistics
     
    gworld, Sep 11, 2013 IP
  5. ApocalypseXL

    ApocalypseXL Notable Member

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    #5
    It's ironic and sad how women rights groups raise hell in the US , CA and EU over minor problems but completely ignore the plight of other women.
     
    ApocalypseXL, Sep 11, 2013 IP