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Change user for Apache web server to a non-privileged user?

Discussion in 'Apache' started by tomhammond, Sep 14, 2016.

  1. #1
    Hello everyone,

    I have an Apache 2.2x server and would like to harden security so that hackers can't get in easily to the Apache webserver. One suggestion is to change the user/group for Apache to a non-privileged account.
    Currently the user "fpp" is the default user for Apache which has access to the operating system via sudo commands.

    I entered these commands to create a non-privileged account:
    sudo groupadd http-web
    sudo useradd -d /opt/fpp/www/ -g http-web http-web

    I then edited /etc/apache2/envvars to change these lines:
    export APACHE_RUN_USER=http-web
    export APACHE_RUN_GROUP=http-web

    I also ran this command to change user/group permissions on this folder:
    sudo chown -R http-web:http-web /var/lock/apache2/
    sudo chown -R http-web:http-web /opt/fpp/www

    Finally, I restarted the Apache service with this command:
    sudo service apache2 restart

    When I try to access the website on this server, I receive the following message:

    Forbidden: You don't have permission to access / on this server.

    I've been scouring the Internet trying to figure out how to switch the default "fpp" Apache user to a non-privileged account and can't figure it out. Can someone shed some light on this?

    tomhammond, Sep 14, 2016 IP